An increasing share of the US Black population is foreign-born — and they tend to lean more conservative.
Magazine, The Immigrant Experience, The World By Halima Gikandi
Peter Opara, 66, was born in Nigeria and moved to New York City in the ’70s when a young Donald J. Trump was starting to make a name for himself.
Opara liked Trump’s outspoken style and business mindset.
“He’s not a politician, and he speaks his mind. Does things the way he believes [things] should be done. Nigerians prefer strong leaders.”
“He’s not a politician, and he speaks his mind. Does things the way he believes [things] should be done,” said Opara, who describes himself as a moderate Republican. “Nigerians prefer strong leaders.”
In 2016, he voted for Trump for president. It was a surprising and unpopular choice among his family and friends, who are mostly Democrats.
As the US 2020 election approaches, both Democrats and Republicans are stepping up their appeals to voters from different backgrounds, especially immigrant voters who could make a difference in battleground states.
But there’s one group of voters that often goes under the radar in national campaigning: Black immigrants.
Opara’s views underscore just how diverse the Black electorate is, especially as it is transformed by Black immigrants. Indeed, no party can take their votes for granted.
“Black immigrants are obviously much more diverse than people think, than Joe Biden definitely thinks,” said Kevin Thomas, professor of African American and African diaspora studies at The University of Texas at Austin. “You have the regional differences, people coming from Africa, the Caribbean, South America, Europe.”
Naturally, that diversity extends to views on political and social issues as well.
“What data is actually showing is that, at least in terms of political ideology, Black immigrants tend to lean more on the conservative side than the liberal side,” Thomas said.
An increasing share of the US Black population is foreign-born, according to the Pew Research Center.
“Some studies suggest that currently about 1 in 4 Black people in the United States is either a Black immigrant or the child of a Black immigrant.”
“Some studies suggest that currently about 1 in 4 Black people in the United States is either a Black immigrant or the child of a Black immigrant,” Thomas said.
Between 2010 and 2018, the black immigrant population grew by 30% according to a recent study by the New American Economy. For the first time, those immigrant roots are being accounted for in the US census. This year, Black Americans can list their national origins — meaning, for example, a Ghanaian American in Texas can write down “Ghana” on their census form.
Yet, while the number of Black immigrants in the US, especially those from African countries, are on the rise, they are still a relatively small group in comparison with other immigrant groups. This might explain why they are often neglected in national campaigns.
“Black immigrants generally don’t tend to vote as much,” added Thomas, who has studied Black immigrant voting habits.
“Their levels of political participation were very low,” he said of previous elections, noting that the 2008 and 2012 elections of President Barack Obama were exceptions.
But that could be changing. Across the country, African and Caribbean immigrant groups at the grassroots level are mobilizing eligible voters in their communities.
“The number of African immigrant organizations in Philadelphia that have incorporated voters’ registration, raising awareness about voters’ registration … we have seen an increase in the number of organizations doing that,” said Eric Edi, who directs the Coalition of African and Caribbean Communities in Philadelphia (AFRICOM).
Although Edi, a permanent resident originally from Ivory Coast, is not able to vote himself, he is passionate about making sure the naturalized Africans in his community vote during elections.
He says Trump’s derogatory comments about African countries and immigration restrictions could encourage people to vote.
“We have tried to use that as avenues, ways of enhanc[ing] immigrant awareness that ‘hey, if you are able to vote and you vote, you can actually [change] these kinds of policies’,” Edi said.
Of course, immigration isn’t the only issue that Black immigrants care about.
Thomas, at The University of Texas in Austin, says it might drive some voters to vote Democrat, but not when it comes to social issues like abortion and LGBTQ rights.
“Black immigrants, especially first-generation, Black immigrants, juggle their personal interests with some of their political ideologies and conservative beliefs,” Thomas said.
Philomena Desmond Ogugua, an international development consultant originally from Nigeria, has no doubts about who African immigrants should vote for.
She’s the co-chair of a group called African Diaspora for Biden, which has been reaching out to African communities across the US and encouraging them to vote for the Biden-Harris ticket.
Their virtual events are like a who’s who of the African diaspora community — including US lawmakers from immigrant backgrounds and former US ambassadors to African countries.